Saturday, May 28, 2016

A deadlier mosquito-borne virus began to spread Yellow Fever while paying attention to Zika

Yellow fever

yellow fever
A man from West Darfur is treated for yellow fever during another outbreak in November 2012
photo/oredit:  Albert Gonzalez/REUTERS

Fact sheet
Updated May 2016

Key facts

  • Yellow fever is an acute viral hemorrhagic disease transmitted by infected mosquitoes. The "yellow" in the name refers to the jaundice that affects some patients.
  • Symptoms of yellow fever include fever, headache, jaundice, muscle pain, nausea, vomiting and fatigue.
  • A small proportion of patients who contract the virus develop severe symptoms and approximately half of those die within 7 to 10 days.
  • The virus is endemic in tropical areas of Africa and Central and South America.
  • Since the launch of the Yellow Fever Initiative in 2006, significant progress in combating the disease has been made in West Africa and more than 105 million people have been vaccinated in mass campaigns. No outbreaks of yellow fever were reported in West Africa during 2015.
  • Large epidemics of yellow fever occur when infected people introduce the virus into heavily populated areas with high mosquito density and where most people have little or no immunity, due to lack of vaccination. In these conditions, infected mosquitoes transmit the virus from person to person.
  • Yellow fever is prevented by an extremely effective vaccine, which is safe and affordable. A single dose of yellow fever vaccine is sufficient to confer sustained immunity and life-long protection against yellow fever disease and a booster dose of the vaccine is not needed. The vaccine provides effective immunity within 30 days for 99% of persons vaccinated.
  • Good supportive treatment in hospitals improves survival rates. There is currently no specific anti-viral drug for yellow fever.

Signs and symptoms

Once contracted, the yellow fever virus incubates in the body for 3 to 6 days. Many people do not experience symptoms, but when these do occur, the most common are fever, muscle pain with prominent backache, headache, loss of appetite, and nausea or vomiting. In most cases, symptoms disappear after 3 to 4 days.
A small percentage of patients, however, enter a second, more toxic phase within 24 hours of recovering from initial symptoms. High fever returns and several body systems are affected, usually the liver and the kidneys. In this phase people are likely to develop jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes, hence the name ‘yellow fever’), dark urine and abdominal pain with vomiting. Bleeding can occur from the mouth, nose, eyes or stomach. Half of the patients who enter the toxic phase die within 7 - 10 days.
Yellow fever is difficult to diagnose, especially during the early stages. More severe disease can be confused with severe malaria, leptospirosis, viral hepatitis (especially fulminant forms), other hemorrhagic fevers, infection with other flaviviruses (e.g. dengue haemorrhagic fever), and poisoning.
Blood tests (RT-PCR) can sometimes detect the virus in the early stages of the disease. In later stages of the disease, testing to identify antibodies is needed (ELISA and PRNT).

Populations at risk

Forty seven countries in Africa (34) and Central and South America (13) are either endemic for, or have regions that are endemic for, yellow fever. A modelling study based on African data sources estimated the burden of yellow fever during 2013 was 84 000–170 000 severe cases and 29 000–60 000 deaths.
Occasionally travellers who visit yellow fever endemic countries may bring the disease to countries free from yellow fever. In order to prevent such importation of the disease, many countries require proof of vaccination against yellow fever before they will issue a visa, particularly if travellers come from, or have visited yellow fever endemic areas.
In past centuries (17th to 19th), yellow fever was transported to North America and Europe, causing large outbreaks that disrupted economies, development and in some cases decimated populations.


The yellow fever virus is an arbovirus of the flavivirus genus and is transmitted by mosquitoes, belonging to the Aedes and Haemogogus species. The different mosquito species live in different habitats - some breed around houses (domestic), others in the jungle (wild), and some in both habitats (semi-domestic). There are 3 types of transmission cycles:
  • Sylvatic (or jungle) yellow fever: In tropical rainforests, monkeys, which are the primary reservoir of yellow fever, are bitten by wild mosquitoes which pass the virus on to other monkeys. Occasionally humans working or travelling in the forest are bitten by infected mosquitoes and develop yellow fever.
  • Intermediate yellow fever: In this type of transmission, semi-domestic mosquitoes (those that breed both in the wild and around households) infect both monkeys and people. Increased contact between people and infected mosquitoes leads to increased transmission and many separate villages in an area can develop outbreaks at the same time. This is the most common type of outbreak in Africa.
  • Urban yellow fever: Large epidemics occur when infected people introduce the virus into heavily populated areas with high mosquito density and where most people have little or no immunity, due to lack of vaccination. In these conditions, infected mosquitoes transmit the virus from person to person.


Good and early supportive treatment in hospitals improves survival rates. There is currently no specific anti-viral drug for yellow fever but specific care to treat dehydration, liver and kidney failure, and fever improves outcomes. Associated bacterial infections can be treated with antibiotics.


1. Vaccination
Vaccination is the most important means of preventing yellow fever. In high-risk areas where vaccination coverage is low, prompt recognition and control of outbreaks using mass immunization is critical for preventing epidemics. It is important to vaccinate most (80 % or more) of the population at risk to prevent transmission in a region with a yellow fever outbreak.
Several vaccination strategies are used to protect against outbreaks: routine infant immunization; mass vaccination campaigns designed to increase coverage in countries at risk; and vaccination of travellers going to yellow fever endemic areas.
The yellow fever vaccine is safe and affordable and a single dose provides life-long protection against yellow fever disease. A booster dose of yellow fever vaccine is not needed.
There have been rare reports of serious side-effects from the yellow fever vaccine. The rates for these severe ‘adverse events following immunization’ (AEFI), when the vaccine provokes an attack on the liver, the kidneys or on the nervous system, leading to hospitalization, are between 0.4 and 0.8 per 100 000 people vaccinated.
The risk is higher for people over 60 years of age and anyone with severe immunodeficiency due to symptomatic HIV/AIDS or other causes, or who have a thymus disorder. People over 60 years of age should be given the vaccine after a careful risk-benefit assessment.
People who are usually excluded from vaccination include:
  • infants aged less than 9 months, except during an epidemic when infants aged 6-9 months, in areas where the risk of infection is high, should also receive the vaccine;
  • pregnant women – except during a yellow fever outbreak when the risk of infection is high;
  • people with severe allergies to egg protein; and
  • people with severe immunodeficiency due to symptomatic HIV/AIDS or other causes, or who have a thymus disorder.
In accordance with the International Health Regulations (IHR), countries have the right to require travellers to provide a certificate of yellow fever vaccination. If there are medical grounds for not getting vaccinated, this must be certified by the appropriate authorities. The IHR are a legally binding framework to stop the spread of infectious diseases and other health threats. Requiring the certificate of vaccination from travellers is at the discretion of each State Party, and it is not currently required by all countries.
2. Mosquito control
The risk of yellow fever transmission in urban areas can be reduced by eliminating potential mosquito breeding sites by applying larvicides to water storage containers and other places where standing water collects. Insecticide spraying to kill adult mosquitoes during urban epidemics can help reduce the number of mosquitoes, thus reducing potential sources of yellow fever transmission.
Historically, mosquito control campaigns successfully eliminated Aedes aegypti, the urban yellow fever vector, from most of Central and South America. However, Aedes aegypti has re-colonized urban areas in the region, raising a renewed risk of urban yellow fever. Mosquito control programmes targeting wild mosquitoes in forested areas are not practical for preventing jungle (or sylvatic) yellow fever transmission.
3. Epidemic preparedness and response
Prompt detection of yellow fever and rapid response through emergency vaccination campaigns are essential for controlling outbreaks. However, underreporting is a concern – the true number of cases is estimated to be 10 to 250 times what is now being reported.
WHO recommends that every at-risk country have at least one national laboratory where basic yellow fever blood tests can be performed. One laboratory-confirmed case of yellow fever in an unvaccinated population is considered an outbreak. A confirmed case in any context must be fully investigated, particularly in an area where most of the population has been vaccinated. Investigation teams must assess and respond to the outbreak with both emergency measures and longer-term immunization plans.

WHO response

WHO is the Secretariat for the International Coordinating Group for Yellow Fever Vaccine Provision (ICG). The ICG maintains an emergency stockpile of yellow fever vaccines to ensure rapid response to outbreaks in high risk countries.
In 2006, the Yellow Fever Initiative was launched to secure global vaccine supply and boost population immunity through vaccination. The Initiative, led by WHO and supported by UNICEF and national governments, has a particular focus on high endemic countries in Africa where the disease is most prominent. Since the Initiative was launched, significant progress has been made in West Africa to bring the disease under control. More than 105 million people have been vaccinated and no yellow fever outbreaks were reported in West Africa during 2015.
The Initiative recommends including yellow fever vaccines in routine infant immunizations (starting at age 9 months), implementing mass vaccination campaigns in high-risk areas for all people aged 9 months and older, and maintaining surveillance and outbreak response capacity.
Between 2007 and 2016, 14 countries have completed preventive yellow fever vaccination campaigns. The Yellow Fever Initiative is financially supported by the Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunization (GAVI Alliance), the European Community Humanitarian Office (ECHO), the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), ministries of health, and country-level partners.
Note: On the other article written/credit by Rebecca Harrington,Tech Insider

The authors of a recent papercalled the current situation "unprecedented in history," writing that it is "critical" to assess the risk now and act quickly "so that a global catastrophe can be averted."While the Zika outbreak was dominating the headlines, another mosquito-borne virus has taken hold in Africa: yellow fever. And with the large population of migrant Chinese workers in the affected area, scientists worry the disease could unleash its first outbreak in Asia.
Yellow fever causes 180,000 cases and 78,000 deaths in Africa per year, according to a recent study in PLOS Medicine. It's spread throughout tropical areas of Africa and South America (where cases only number around a hundred per year) by the Aedes aegypti mosquito.
Its symptoms include fever, headache, muscle pain, and vomiting, but about 15% of patients develop severe yellow fever, which causes problems with vital organs like the liver and kidneys. Once the disease reaches that phase, about half of the people infected die.
This outbreak, which began in Angola in December 2015, is particularly concerning because it's spreading through highly populated cities, including Luanda, which has over 7 million people. The World Health Organization has reported over 2,400 cases and nearly 300 deaths in Angola so far.
The Democratic Republic of Congo, Kenya, and China have also reported dozens of cases. The Chinese and Kenyan cases were from travelers, highlighting the global threat that diseases pose today, as Maryn McKenna writes in National Geographic.
If the disease takes hold in China, where the Aedes aegypti mosquito is also present, 2 billion people in Asia could be at risk, according to a study published in the International Journal of Infectious Diseases on May 6.
"The combination of sustained introduction of [infected] travelers, an ecology conducive to local transmission, and an unimmunized population raises the possibility of a yellow fever epidemic in Asia," the authors write. "This represents a major global health threat, particularly in the context of a depleted emergency vaccine stockpile and untested surveillance systems in the region."
Unlike Zika, yellow fever has a vaccine. But it's constantly in short supply.

A short-term action plan

Nearly 12 million yellow fever vaccines have gone to Angola, where over 7 million people have already been vaccinated. But that's not enough to contain the outbreak there or keep it from spreading to other countries, according to the World Health Organization's latest update.
Mosquitos that carry diseasesSkye Gould/Tech Insider
WHO officials are even considering giving partial doses of the shot in order to protect more people.
The full vaccine provides long-term (perhaps even lifelong) immunity to yellow fever. But what the world really needs right now is short-term immunity to contain this outbreak before it spins out and spreads further.
Studies have shown that even one-tenth of the dose could rapidly protect people from yellow fever. They could get a mini-dose now, and then get a full dose later to prevent future outbreaks.
Our increasingly connected world is making it easier than ever for diseases to spread.
Hopefully public health officials can get this outbreak under control — and keep it from spreading to billions of people at risk in Asia.
Read the original article on Tech Insider and all photos @copyright 2016 by the original writer.

Yellow Fever Maps

Areas of risk: Africa

Areas of risk: South America

All photos @copyright credit/source:

Friday, May 27, 2016

For the Busy and Forgetful People what to do for Reminder

As time and age flY so fast that we tend to forget a lot of tasks,chores and important duties and appointments here are some simple suggestions  to remind us on what to do:

1. On your cellphone there is calendar /organizer even Google Note you can type and save what are your appointments, recent activities, next activities,deadline for school projects or coming exams and to your work/job/business including family/friends gathering or reunion. Bank transactions. Your daily,weekly, monthly-to-do-list payment of bills, credit card,tuition fee and including the yearly like tax payment. Reminder for renewal of your Professional,career,passport/visa and driver's license.  Believe me you forget almost everything like your bag, things you have purchased,wallet, money and car/home key but never your cellphone.

2. List to buy for grocery items you can type and save it to your calendar/organizer and Google Note. This will save you time in roaming around the supermarket in circle and yet you forgot to buy mostly of the important items you should buy then you have to go back on another trip in grocery store to buy this item and office/school supplies because it is really needed. This will also help you to lessen your expenses during payment of grocery items when you only buy what you really need and avoiding being impulse buyer picking up items that you do not need, accumulates more space and clutter at home.

3. Since you have saved in your calendar of important people like family members and clients of their birthdays especially when you are invited if married w/ a child who will attend children's party for gifts. Take note first hand their body built and height so you will buy exact size of their shoes/slippers, waist line for t-shirt/polo/dress/pants/belt/shorts/skirt. If infant /young children ask their parent how old they are because they probably grew up a lot the last time you saw them. 

For me when I buy for my children even during their younger days whether shoes and clothing like pants I make sure they are w/ me to ensure that they like the shirt, exact size on their shoes and fitting long pants although they are both grown up and busy now I still asked them their availability when can we buy their new pants or shoes. I give time for them. I know when they will settle down in the future I will never able to do it anymore for them since they have already their own family and  far away from me.

4. A lot of tasks and chores to do every day in business, at work and in school. Those magnet for refrigerators make use of it posting in a paper of what you need to do and things you need or writing in a small white board. Ingredients for the menu of the day or what you will prepare for dinner.Whatever that you remember in your mind or ideas and topics for a writer,blogger,works in media,singer and composer even a poet write it down right away in split seconds you will forget it again.

5. Like me I have a lot of receipts of what I had purchased from supermarket or shopping I write at the back of what to do chores and things to buy. I put check on my checklist when I did the task or bought the item. Sometimes the household chore since I am busy or not feeling well I put it on hold it may take months or weeks when I read them and got the chance to remind me of to do list I try to finish it. Like change the battery of wrist watch or wall clock or repair of something like appliances,alteration of dress,cleaning the windows or window blinds and organizing the clutter I write it down then after quite some time I read them again if anything is left undone. Sometimes I wrap it around in my reward cards, to others in their debit/credit card to remind them the important matter.

6. Those shoe boxes instead of throwing them away I make use it for the present year for my bills then my bills for the past year if I can throw away then I do so, purchase receipt for warranty among other for tax purposes and important documents.  After New Year I sort it out on what I can throw or dispose.

7. If you have Big Dreams or Plans on Career and Financial write it down in your diary or Journal even if it takes forever you will never know even if it is impossible it will come true. Pray and Hope for the Best. Let us all be Positive People.

8. When for travelling locally or in abroad take note of the date, name of airline,bus company or how of mode of transportation, restaurants you had eaten w/ the food or drinks that you like, hotel or motel you have stayed if you can take pictures where you had been while touring this will save you another time of coming back to the same place instead of exploring new adventures and places because you have forgotten  you had been there and done that while probably you were still single or during that time your child/children were still young and they have been grown up today. Since there will be a time you keep coming back to tour in the same place I tool pictures of the adventures/ places that we had gone but the different hotels that we had stayed I did not write so I do not remember. Even the different Condotels that my husband and I and children stayed overnight in Makati and my sister-in-law or nephew had stayed during their visits in Makati,Philippines.
My Note: Belated Happy Birthday to my Husband and to our Silver Wedding Anniversary. I posted an old family picture. For those who do not believe in the pictures I posted in social media.Yes, that's me.  Even I sometimes wonder is it really me. My face changes every now and then.

Thursday, May 26, 2016

Perfect Egg Salad. Every Time.

Perfect Egg Salad. Every Time. photo
The ChopI like a chunky egg salad. Depending on the size of the eggs, I slice them into quarters or sixths. This keeps the whites white and the yolks nice and orange, making for a visually impressive and textually satisfying salad.
Salt and pepper: Eggs need salt. Without it, they will seriously lack flavor.
The dressing: Unless you like dry egg salad, use more mayo than you think. I then like to spike the mixture with a dollop of Dijon and a healthy dollop of horseradish. This combo makes all the difference.
The green stuff: I love the bright, crispness that celery brings; I mince it super fine. Fresh dill brings a welcome herbaceous note. And chives introduce bite, but not too much, like shallots or scallions might.
And that’s it. Mix it all together—gently, almost like you’re caressing it. Taste for seasoning. A toasted bagel is never a bad move, nor is some cucumber and a ripe tomato if you’ve got one.

Monday, May 23, 2016

How to Know if Your Period Pain Is Really Endometriosis


Dr. Tamer Seckin is a New York–based gynecologist and laparoscopic surgeon who specializes in treating endometriosis. He co-founded the Endometriosis Foundation of America with Padma Lakshmi, and he's the kind of cool doctor who isn't interested in just the science behind the disease, but also in talking about the systemic issues surrounding treatment. He'll throw out phrases like "cultural misogyny" and discuss shame around menstruation when describing what makes endometriosis so hard to properly diagnose.

Dr. Seckin grew up in Turkey idolizing the doctor, musician, and Nobel Peace Prize winner Albert Schweitzer for "his commitment to healing patients." In his spare time, Seckin, who lives in Brooklyn, plays the guitar, violin, and mandolin. Sometimes his kids — who went to the same high school as Lena! — will sing a song with him, but he really wants them to start a family band. Lenny spoke with Dr. Seckin about how he ended up specializing in endometriosis, why it takes so many years for women to get diagnosed with the disease, and what to look for in a doctor if you suffer from endo.
Marisa Meltzer: What made you so interested in endometriosis?
Tamer Seckin: I grew up in Turkey. To be honest, I was raised in an environment where I saw a lot of injustice to women. In medical school, I saw girls from the village come to the referral center who had been raped or had attempted abortions. That was all deeply implanted when I came to the U.S. And then with endometriosis patients, I saw that other doctors were missing the true cause of their pain and there was a lot of misdiagnosis that was being practiced. I was sucked in — I cared, and I felt their pain. It was a calling, and today I only see endometriosis patients.
MM: What is endometriosis, exactly, and what causes it?
TS: Endometriosis is the menstrual blood that goes backward — we say reflux — usually into the main abdominal cavity, so our bladder, bowel, and pelvic nerves are all affected. It's evasive and enigmatic and difficult to diagnose.
MM: Why is it so difficult to diagnose?
TS: It's a disease of periods, really, and in general there is a lot of societal misconception about periods and menstruation. People still don't talk about their periods openly. The first symptoms usually start around the first period. There's often some degree of downplaying or assuring from the family. Let's say a girl goes to her mom and tells her she's in pain. Her mom might say, "I had painful periods, it's just normal." I had a patient today who said, "My pain started early, and I was told by my mother it was normal, and finally I convinced myself it was normal because I didn't have a frame of reference."
MM: And girls are so often taught to second-guess themselves.
TS: It's cultural misogyny. These women think that having pain of all degrees — to the extent of tortuous pain — is part of being a woman. That suffering and pain is part of their sexuality. But this pain is not normal, and the taboo that surrounds it must not be either. Girls are accused of exaggerating or performing, like it's some kind of excuse. They're told it's all in their head. As a result, they can lose confidence and turn inward and get withdrawn and depressed. Am I convincing you this is serious?
MM: Yes! What is the pain like?
TS: Debilitating, excruciating, killer cramps.
MM: How do you know if it's just a particularly bad period or endometriosis?
TS: We notice severe increased bleeding, heavy and long with clots. When the pain lasts more than one or two days. Look for pain in sex, bloating, gassiness, diarrhea, constipation, all around the period. Severe back pain and leg pain. Or if there's vomiting, nausea — a doubled-over situation. Eighty percent of the time, there are severe gastrointestinal symptoms that overlap, which tells us the cramps aren't just of uterine origin, that something else is happening and the body is fighting it. The patient's symptoms usually point to where the disease is, whether it is in the bowels, it occurs during periods, or there's pain with intercourse. However, in early stages of the disease, the correlation isn't as recognizable by the majority of gynecologists.
MM: Why is that?
TS: These gynecologists are generalists, not trained to recognize early endometriosis, which is one of the root causes for why most women are not diagnosed until much later in their lives, when the endometriosis has spread considerably.
MM: How many women have it?
TS: We don't know how many women and girls are affected by this disease, we can only guess, but we think one out of ten have this disease. It could be much more. Some women aren't as symptomatic or are misdiagnosed as having IBS, and they never know they have endometriosis.
MM: How do doctors usually treat endometriosis?
TS: Patients are basically given pain medicine and birth-control pills and sometimes antidepressants. Drug therapies and pain medication are over-practiced. We have a serious, national problem with prescription-drug addiction. Birth-control pills are good to diminish the flow so the period doesn't reflux as much, but it's important to have the right ones and the right timing. I want the lesions excised, so I treat this disease microsurgically and remove the inflamed tissue.
MM: What happens if you don't get diagnosed early?
TS: The first thing is the quality of life over time decreases. Being in pain eight, ten, 16 days a month is not easy. And then there's the fertility issue. Many endometriosis patients fail to have more than one kid. If the disease is not treated, eventually it settles on to side organs, and the patient ends up having to have radical surgery, or have her bowel taken out, or she loses her uterus, or some lose ovaries. 
MM: What should an endometriosis patient look for in a doctor?
TS: Educate yourself. If a patient brings their knowledge to the table, that can help. I changed because my patients changed me. 
This interview has been condensed and edited.

MY NOte: If symptoms /pain persist consult your doctor or ob-gynecologist they are the one who knows best about women's health issues.
Alternative Treatments for Endometriosis
Diet and Exercise
Dr. Seckin tells his patients to cut way down on meat, alcohol, coffee, and sugar. Quitting dairy can also help lower inflammation; consuming more fish, greens, and olive oil will help decrease it. Exercise is "excellent stuff," says Dr. Seckin, and it helps control excess estrogen.
Stress Reduction
Reducing stress is good for anybody, but it's especially important for those whose bodies are facing a challenge, says holistic psychotherapist Dr. Ginnie Love, PhD, MA, M. Msc. "Inflammation is directly related to stress," she says. And one way to reduce stress is meditation. "Meditation aids the body in doing what the body is designed to do: heal itself. It can also be beneficial in reducing pain associated with endometriosis while relieving stress and supporting a balanced mind."
The whole philosophy behind acupuncture is to restore balance to the body. "It nurtures your body's own power to heal itself, bringing you back to a state of health and balance," says Ro Giuliano, a licensed acupuncturist who works at Maha Rose Center for Healing in Brooklyn. "Acupuncture can address endometriosis by assisting the body in regulating hormone levels, decreasing pain and inflammation, enabling the smooth flow of blood and energy, and assisting with the way the body handles stress. It is also an amazing way to reconnect with your body in a nurturing way at a time when pain may have made you feel as if your own body has turned on you."
Plant medicine can enter our bodies in many ways: by ingesting teas and tinctures, through smoke, by massaging our skin with herb-infused oils, and through herbal steams. Herbalist Kristen Dilley, who is based out of Portland, wants you to try steaming your vag. "Basically, the treatment entails wrapping up in a thick blanket while sitting naked from the waist down on a stool with a hole cut out of it, over a large pot of boiled dried aromatic herbs. The steam carries the volatile oils of the herbs up into the vaginal tract, where some of the most absorbent tissue in the body is found. The steam softens the tissues, relaxing the belly and pelvic floor to increase blood flow and circulation." Her favorite herbs to use are mugwort, yarrow, rosemary, and lavender. 
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Friday, May 20, 2016

The Perfect,Ssimple Pasta Dish

credit/By: Perpetually Chic
One of the most basic, simplest pasta dishes around, cacio e pepe literally means "cheese and pepper." It's minimalist cooking at its best and requires just a few ingredients, all of which you likely already have at home. This recipe is my favorite to make on weeknights when I'm cooking just for one and want something light and fast to make. When done right, cacio e pepe is as every bit as comforting as a bowl of mac and cheese but with a lot less guilt!
1 pound linguine or spaghetti
Pecorino Romano, grated
Freshly ground black pepper
Kosher salt
Good olive oil
1. Bring a pot of salted water to a boil. Add linguine and cook until al dente.
2. Drizzle olive oil into the bottom of two shallow serving bowls.
3. Scoop pasta directly from the pot of water into a large bowl. Spoon some of the pasta water it, then grate a generous amount of Pecorino Romano on top. Follow with a generous amount of freshly ground black pepper. Stir, folding cheese and pepper into the warm pasta so it melts and creates a creamy sauce.
4. Transfer pasta to serving bowls, then repeat with extra cheese and pepper. Finish with a drizzle of olive oil on top.

Thursday, May 19, 2016

Quick & Simple Life Hacks #11

credit/source: and HouseholdHacker and

You will see the following simple tricks:

  • How to quickly and easily peel a lot of garlic cloves by shaking them in a container
  • Keep your vegetables fresh by keeping sponges in your refrigerator vegetable drawer
  • Cleaning your shoes with toothpaste
  • Disinfect your cutting board while eliminating odor with a vinegar solution
  • Speed up the drying of your laundry by adding tennis balls to your load