Wednesday, July 12, 2017

STD Gonorrhea :The Clap or the Drip o Tulo

What is gonorrhea?


Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) that can infect both men and women. It can cause infections in the genitals, rectum, and throat. It is a very common infection, especially among young people ages 15-24 years.

How is gonorrhea spread?

You can get gonorrhea by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has gonorrhea. A pregnant woman with gonorrhea can give the infection to her baby during childbirth.

How can I reduce my risk of getting gonorrhea?

The only way to avoid STDs is to not have vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
If you are sexually active, you can do the following things to lower your chances of getting gonorrhea:
  • Being in a long-term mutually monogamous relationship with a partner who has been tested and has negative STD test results;
  • Using latex condoms the right way every time you have sex.

Am I at risk for gonorrhea?

Any sexually active person can get gonorrhea through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
If you are sexually active, have an honest and open talk with your health care provider and ask whether you should be tested for gonorrhea or other STDs. If you are a sexually active man who is gay, bisexual, or who has sex with men, you should be tested for gonorrhea every year. If you are a sexually active woman younger than 25 years or an older woman with risk factors such as new or multiple sex partners, or a sex partner who has a sexually transmitted infection, you should be tested for gonorrhea every year.

I’m pregnant. How does gonorrhea affect my baby?

If you are pregnant and have gonorrhea, you can give the infection to your baby during delivery. This can cause serious health problems for your baby. If you are pregnant, it is important that you talk to your health care provider so that you get the correct examination, testing, and treatment, as necessary. Treating gonorrhea as soon as possible will make health complications for your baby less likely.

How do I know if I have gonorrhea?

Some men with gonorrhea may have no symptoms at all. However, men who do have symptoms, may have:
  • A burning sensation when urinating;
  • A white, yellow, or green discharge from the penis;
  • Painful or swollen testicles (although this is less common).
Most women with gonorrhea do not have any symptoms. Even when a woman has symptoms, they are often mild and can be mistaken for a bladder or vaginal infection. Women with gonorrhea are at risk of developing serious complications from the infection, even if they don’t have any symptoms.
Symptoms in women can include:
  • Painful or burning sensation when urinating;
  • Increased vaginal discharge;
  • Vaginal bleeding between periods.
Rectal infections may either cause no symptoms or cause symptoms in both men and women that may include:
  • Discharge;
  • Anal itching;
  • Soreness;
  • Bleeding;
  • Painful bowel movements.
You should be examined by your doctor if you notice any of these symptoms or if your partner has an STD or symptoms of an STD, such as an unusual sore, a smelly discharge, burning when urinating, or bleeding between periods.

How will my doctor know if I have gonorrhea?

Most of the time, urine can be used to test for gonorrhea. However, if you have had oral and/or anal sex, swabs may be used to collect samples from your throat and/or rectum. In some cases, a swab may be used to collect a sample from a man’s urethra (urine canal) or a woman’s cervix (opening to the womb).

Can gonorrhea be cured?

Yes, gonorrhea can be cured with the right treatment. It is important that you take all of the medication your doctor prescribes to cure your infection. Medication for gonorrhea should not be shared with anyone. Although medication will stop the infection, it will not undo any permanent damage caused by the disease.
It is becoming harder to treat some gonorrhea, as drug-resistant strains of gonorrhea are increasing. If your symptoms continue for more than a few days after receiving treatment, you should return to a health care provider to be checked again.

I was treated for gonorrhea. When can I have sex again?

You should wait seven days after finishing all medications before having sex. To avoid getting infected with gonorrhea again or spreading gonorrhea to your partner(s), you and your sex partner(s) should avoid having sex until you have each completed treatment. If you’ve had gonorrhea and took medicine in the past, you can still get infected again if you have unprotected sex with a person who has gonorrhea.

What happens if I don’t get treated?

Untreated gonorrhea can cause serious and permanent health problems in both women and men.
In women, untreated gonorrhea can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). Some of the complications of PID are
In men, gonorrhea can cause a painful condition in the tubes attached to the testicles. In rare cases, this may cause a man to be sterile, or prevent him from being able to father a child.
Rarely, untreated gonorrhea can also spread to your blood or joints. This condition can be life-threatening.
Untreated gonorrhea may also increase your chances of getting or giving HIV – the virus that causes AIDS.
credit/source: https://www.cdc.gov/std/gonorrhea/stdfact-gonorrhea.htm


Related Article:

One of the most common STDs

Gonorrhea is a very common sexually transmitted infection, especially for teens and people in their 20s. Gonorrhea is sometimes called “the clap” or “the drip.”
Gonorrhea is spread through vaginal, anal, and oral sex. The infection is carried in semen (cum)pre-cum, and vaginal fluids. Gonorrhea can infect your penisvaginacervixanusurethra, throat, and eyes (but that’s rare). Most people with gonorrhea don’t have any symptoms and feel totally fine, so they might not even know they’re infected.
Gonorrhea is usually easily cured with antibiotics. But if you don’t treat gonorrhea early enough, it can lead to more serious health problems in the future. That’s why STD testing is so important — the sooner you know you have gonorrhea, the faster you can get rid of it.  
You can help prevent gonorrhea by using condoms every time you have sex.
credit/source: https://www.plannedparenthood.org/learn/stds-hiv-safer-sex/gonorrhea

ADDITIONAL ARTICLE:

Fast gonorrhea facts

  • Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection that is transmitted during sexual activity.
  • Gonorrhea is not transmitted from toilet seats.
  • Women infected with gonorrhea may not have any symptoms.
  • Gonorrhea is treated with antibiotics.
  • Gonorrhea may cause PID, tubo-ovarian abscess, and sterility.
credit/source: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/155653.php

ADDITIONAL ARTICLE:
Fast facts on gonorrheaGonorrhea is caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae.Gonorrhea can be passed from mother to baby during delivery.Gonorrhea and chlamydia can be experienced simultaneously.If untreated, gonorrhea can increase a person's risk of acquiring or transmitting HIV.Symptoms of gonorrheaSymptoms may be absent despite an active gonorrheal infection. Symptoms can appear anywhere from 1-14 days following exposure to the infection.Men and women experience slightly different symptoms; these can include:
  • Men:
    • white, yellow, or green urethral discharge, resembling pus
    • pain in the testicles or scrotum
    • painful or frequent urination
    • anal discharge, itching, pain, bleeding, or pain when passing stools
    • itching, difficulty swallowing, or swollen neck lymph nodes
    • eye pain, light sensitivity, or eye discharge resembling pus
    • red, swollen, warm, painful joints
    Women:
    • painful sexual intercourse
    • fever
    • yellow or green vaginal discharge
    • vulvar swelling
    • bleeding in-between periods
    • heavier periods
    • bleeding after intercourse
    • vomiting and abdominal or pelvic pain
    • painful or frequent urination
    • anal discharge, itching, pain, bleeding, or pain with passing bowel movements
    • sore throat, itching, difficulty swallowing, or swollen neck lymph nodes
    • eye pain, light sensitivity, and eye discharge resembling pus
    • red, swollen, warm, painful joints
  • Treatment for gonorrhea


    Antibiotics forms part of the treatment of gonorrhea.
    Upon displaying symptoms, a doctor may recommend a test for gonorrhea in addition to other diseases. Testing for gonorrhea can be completed by analyzing a urine sample or a swab of an affected area. Swab samples are commonly taken from the penis, cervix, urethra, anus, and throat.
    Home kits for women are also available that include vaginal swabs. These kits are sent to a laboratory and results are reported directly to the patient.
    If testing is positive for a gonorrhea infection, the individual and their partner will need to undergo treatment. This typically involves:
    • Antibiotics - a doctor will likely administer both a shot (ceftriaxone) and an oral medication (azithromycin).
    • Abstaining from sexual intercourse - until treatment is complete, there is still a risk of complications and spread of infection.
    • Repeat testing in some cases - it is not always necessary to be tested to make sure the treatment has worked. However, the CDC recommends retesting for some patients, and a doctor will decide if it is necessary. Retesting should be performed 7 days after treatment.
    If a woman is pregnant and infected with gonorrhea, the infant will be given an eye ointment to prevent gonorrhea transmission. However, antibiotics may be required if an eye infection develops.
  • Complications of gonorrhea

    There are many serious potential complications, which highlights the need for a quick diagnosis and treatment if symptoms occur.
    In women, gonorrhea can lead to:
    • pelvic inflammatory disease, a condition that can cause abscesses
    • chronic pelvic pain
    • infertility
    • ectopic pregnancies - pregnancy where the embryo attaches outside of the uterus
    In men, a gonorrheal infection can lead to:
    Both men and women are at risk of developing a life-threatening disseminated gonococcal infection when gonorrhea is untreated. This type of infection is often characterized by:
    • fever
    • arthritis
    • tenosynovitis - inflammation and swelling around tendons
    • dermatitis
    Those infected with gonorrhea are also at a higher risk of contracting HIV or, if already HIV positive, spreading HIV in addition to gonorrhea.
    Further complications of a gonorrheal infection can occur in pregnant women during delivery; it is possible to pass the infection to the child. Gonorrhea passed to an infant can cause joint infection, blindness, or a life-threatening blood infection.
    Also, infected women are at an increased risk for premature labor or stillbirth if left untreated.
  • credit/source: http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/155653.php
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