Friday, October 28, 2016

Do not Give up

Never Stop Trying
Never Stop Believing
Never Give up.
Your Day will come...


Wednesday, October 26, 2016

The Same Dress but Different Color

I had an embarrassing moment encounter when I was in Grade 6. This is how my story started....

 My family transferred to a house in which a room was being rented by a former landlady of my mother when she was still in college studying as bed spacer, near in the University belt together with her eldest sister who is already a college instructor/professor in Spanish in one of the colleges in Intramuros, Manila since my maternal 's province is from Mindanao.  In short, in Quezon City my mother encountered and reconnected to her former landlady once more if you asked me how she did it I do not know. We rented a room vacant in a big bungalow house which they were also renting the entire house then gave one of the extra rooms enough for the 3 of us as family when I was in Grade 5 since we leave early in the morning and we see each other at home after my school time and my parents' working hour that how we were from the start until they retire. My mother is a retired government employee and my father a retired custom brokerage employee from a private company w/c no longer in operation because of the economic situation in the Philippines early 90's and some of their clients from foreign companies shut down their companies and transferred to other countries.We did not became rich because my father is an honest man he did not take money wherein only his small amount of salary he receive was all we have ,loyal and honest to the company he worked for.


When I was in Grade 5, studying in one of the school in University belt and as far as I can remember our landlady's only granddaughter was in Grade 3, studying in one of the Catholic schools near to our first bungalow house location they used to rent then transferred to another big bungalow house w/c we also went with them when they transferred and transferred again  for 2 more house until something happened. We became best of friends until we separate our ways when tragic happened to all of us and to her grandmother when I was in second year it was the last house when they transferred we went along with them.


When I was in Grade 6 and our landlady's granddaughter  were preparing for our Christmas party in our individual school which coincidentally fell on the same date when I came out of our room and so did she, we were both shocked to see that we were wearing the same exact dress but different in color. She was wearing in blue color while I was wearing in red color I remembered the color red because after our christmas vacation one of my classmates showed picturesof our class was taken last Christmas party so I had to remember again that embarrassing day all over again.  
My friend and I were like discussing it they bought weeks ago and I also said that we also bought my dress weeks ago for my Christmas party. Then we also discussed where she bought the dress and so am I and that was in Rustan's Department Store in Cubao, Quezon City so you can imagine even it was expensive dress you can never be comfortable wearing clothing knowing close to you wearing the same as yours. In the Philippines during my time the clothes the parents bought for Christmas party were the clothes you will use for Christmas Eve's Mass and even in New Year's Eve. I do not know if my reaction will be different if the situation if I saw another classmate wear the same dress as mine.

My mother loves to shop in Divisoria Tondo,Manila that is her passion but we do not buy clothes for me since everyday I am wearing school uniform if she did it was a shirt that was in bargain sale in one of the boxes. that how it was for me when I was young until today I am very careful to buy clothes for myself. I do not know if because I rarely have new clothes even during college since we do not have uniform until when I was in 2nd year college we were required to wear uniform our main university branch in Manila I do not know how I got over with it until I graduated 5th year in college we were not required to wear uniform only in civilian clothes that is how we call our daily clothes because when our course had to take in 3rd year college we were transferred to another branch of our university in Diliman,Quezon City going to Fairview and near Gotesco which I think today it became the hospital they built after they shut down the old hospital building in Manila because of the earthquake it became abandoned then just built another but for school building no longer for hospital. In Quezon City with the medical courses offered by the university they changed the courses offered in that QC branch while in Manila they went back the course we had back then to Manila until 5th year. some of my classmates in 1st year and second year college transferred to another colleges/universities because of our situation for the our major in 3rd year back then it was so far.

Maybe as I try to recall why I am I still remembering it until now probably because it is very seldom that I have a new dress and it is only one time I will be buying a new dress from expensive department store then you have somebody that has the same as mine that is why I felt embarrassed.

My friend and I got connected again because of social media she found me and added as her friend before I used to search her name but could not find her so I am glad that we reconnect resume again were we left as friends although we have our own family.

Thursday, October 20, 2016

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and PV Testing

Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)

What are viruses?

Viruses are very small organisms – most cannot even be seen with a regular microscope. They cannot reproduce on their own. They must enter a living cell, which becomes the host cell, and “hijack” the cell’s machinery to make more viruses.
Viruses can enter the body through the mucous membranes, such as the nose, mouth, the lining of the eyes, or the genitals. Some enter through the digestive system (such as stomach or intestine), through insect bites, or through breaks in the skin. A few can enter unbroken skin. Once inside, they find their specific type of host cell to infect. For example, cold and flu viruses find and invade cells that line the respiratory tract (nose, sinuses, breathing tubes, and lungs). HIV (the virus that causes AIDS) infects the T-cells and macrophages of the immune system. HPV infects squamous epithelial cells – the flat cells that cover the surface of the skin and mucous membranes.

What is HPV?

HPV is short for human papilloma virus. HPVs are a group of more than 150 related viruses. Each HPV virus in the group is given a number, which is called an HPV type. HPVs are called papilloma viruses because some of the HPV types cause warts or papillomas, which are non-cancerous tumors. But some types of HPV are known for causing cancer, especially of the cervix (the base of the womb at the top of the vagina).
The papilloma viruses are attracted to and are able to live only in certain cells called squamous epithelial cells. These cells are found on the surface of the skin and on moist surfaces (called mucosal surfaces) like:
  • The vagina, anus, cervix, vulva (around the outside of the vagina)
  • The inner foreskin and urethra of the penis
  • Inner nose, mouth, throat
  • Trachea (the main breathing tube or windpipe), bronchi (smaller breathing tubes branching off the trachea)
  • The inner eyelids.
Of the more than 150 known strains, about 3 out of 4 (75%) HPV types are called cutaneous because they cause warts on the skin. Sites for warts are the arms, chest, hands, and feet. These are common warts; they are not the genital type of wart.
The other 25% of the HPV types are considered mucosal types of HPV. “Mucosal” refers to the body’s mucous membranes, or the moist surface layers that line organs and cavities of the body that open to the outside. For example, the mouth, vagina, and anus have this moist mucosal layer. The mucosal HPV types are also called the genital (or anogenital) type HPVs because they often affect the anal and genital area. The mucosal (genital) HPVs prefer the moist squamous cells found in this area. Mucosal HPV types generally don’t grow in the skin or parts of the body other than the mucosal surfaces. Here we are talking about the mucosal or genital types of HPV.
Low-risk genital HPV types
HPV types that tend to cause warts and not cancer are called low-risk types. Low-risk genital HPV infection can cause cauliflower-shaped warts on or around the genitals and anus of both men and women. In women, warts may appear in areas that aren’t always noticed, such as the cervix and vagina.
High-risk genital HPV types
HPV types that tend to cause cancer are called high-risk types. These types have been linked to cancers in both men and women. Doctors worry about the cell changes and pre-cancers these types cause because they are more likely to grow into cancers over time.
This diagram shows the different groups of HPV types and the problems each group can cause.
HPV word collage

How do you get genital HPV?

Genital human papilloma virus (HPV) is spread mainly by direct skin-to-skin contact during vaginal, oral, or anal sex. It’s not spread through blood or body fluids.
The virus often spreads from one person to another very soon after a person starts having sex. It can be spread by genital contact without sex, but this is not common. Oral-genital and hand-genital spread of some genital HPV types has been reported. And there may be other ways to become infected with HPV that aren’t yet clear. For instance, it might be spread through deep kissing or shared sex toys.
Transmission from mother to newborn during delivery is rare, but it can happen, too. When it does, it can cause warts (papillomas) in the infant’s breathing tubes (trachea and bronchi) and lungs, which is called respiratory papillomatosis. These papillomas can also grow in the voice box, which is called laryngeal papillomatosis. Both of these infections can cause life-long problems.
You DO NOT get genital HPV from:
  • Toilet seats
  • Hugging or holding hands
  • Swimming in pools or hot tubs
  • Family history (heredity)
  • Sharing food or utensils
  • Being unclean

How common is HPV? Who gets it?

Genital human papilloma virus (HPV) is a very common virus. Some doctors think it’s almost as common as the cold virus. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimate that about 14 million people get a new HPV infection every year in the US.
Nearly all men and women who have ever had sex get at least one type of genital HPV at some time in their lives. This is true even for people who only have sex with one person in their lifetime.

What are the risk factors for genital HPV?

Anyone who has ever had sex is at risk for genital HPV.

Risk factors for women

  • Having many sex partners
  • Having a partner who has had many partners
  • Being younger than 25 years of age
  • Starting to have sex at an early age (16 years or younger)
  • Having a male partner who’s not circumcised (hasn’t had the foreskin of the penis removed). Men who still have their foreskins are more likely to get and stay infected with human papilloma virus (HPV) and pass it on to their partners. The reasons for this are unclear.

Risk factors for men

  • Having many sex partners.
  • Not being circumcised (not having had the foreskin of the penis removed). Men who are circumcised have a lower chance of getting and staying infected with HPV. Men who still have their foreskins are more likely to be infected with HPV and pass it on to their partners. The reasons for this are unclear. Circumcision does not completely protect against HPV infection – men who are circumcised can still get HPV and pass it on to their partners.

Can genital HPV be prevented?

Completely avoiding contact of the areas of your body that can become infected with genital human papilloma virus (HPV) (like the mouth, anus, and genitals) with those of another person may be the only way to keep from becoming infected with HPV. This means not having vaginal, oral, or anal sex, but it also means not allowing those areas to come in contact with someone else’s skin.
HPV vaccines can prevent infection with the types of HPV most likely to cause cancer and genital warts. See HPV Vaccines for more on this.
Having few sex partners and avoiding sex with people who have had many other sex partners helps lower the risk of exposure to genital HPV.
Condoms can help protect you from genital HPV infection, but HPV might be on skin that’s not covered by the condom. And condoms must be used every time, from start to finish. The virus can spread during direct skin-to-skin contact before the condom is put on, and male condoms don’t protect the entire genital area, especially for women. The female condom covers more of the vulva in women, but hasn’t been studied as carefully for its ability to protect against HPV. Condoms are very helpful, though, in protecting against other infections that can be spread through sexual activity.
It’s usually not possible to know who has genital HPV infection, and HPV is so common that even using these measures doesn’t guarantee that a person won’t get the virus. But they can help reduce the number of times a person is exposed to HPV.

What are the symptoms of HPV?

Genital human papilloma virus (HPV) infection usually has no symptoms, unless it’s an HPV type that causes genital warts. Genital warts may appear within weeks or months after contact with a partner who has HPV. The warts may also show up years after exposure, but this is rare. The warts usually look like small bumps or groups of bumps in the genital area. They can be small or large, raised or flat, or shaped like a cauliflower. If they’re not treated, genital warts might go away, stay and not change, or increase in size or number. But warts rarely turn into cancer.
Most people will never know they have HPV because they have no symptoms. In most people, their immune system attacks the virus and clears the HPV infection within 2 years. This is true of both high-risk and low-risk HPV types. But sometimes HPV infections are not cleared. This can lead to cell changes that over many years may develop into cancer.

Can HPV be treated?

There’s no treatment for the virus itself. But most genital human papilloma virus (HPV) infections go away with the help of a person’s immune system.
Even though HPV itself cannot be treated, the cell changes caused by an HPV infection can. For example, genital warts can be treated. Pre-cancer cell changes caused by HPV can be found by Pap tests and treated. And head and neck, cervical, anal, and genital cancers can be treated, too.

Testing for HPV

What’s the difference between a Pap test and an HPV test?

A Pap test is used to find cell changes or abnormal cells in the cervix. (These abnormal cells may be pre-cancer or cancer, but they may also be other things, too.) Cells are lightly scraped or brushed off the cervix. They are sent to a lab and looked at under a microscope to see if the cells are normal or if changes can be seen. The Pap test is a very good test for finding cancer cells and cells that might become cancer.
Human papilloma virus (HPV) is a virus that can cause cervix cell changes. The HPV test checks for the virus, not cell changes. The test can be done at the same time as the Pap test, with the same swab or a second swab. You won’t notice a difference in your exam if you have both tests. A Pap test plus an HPV test (called co-testing) is the preferred way to find early cervical cancers or pre-cancers in women 30 and older.

Should I be tested for HPV?

If you are a woman under age 30
The American Cancer Society recommends that women between ages 21 and 29 should have a Pap test every 3 years (at ages 21, 24, and 27) to test for cervical cancer and pre-cancers. These women should not get the HPV test with the Pap test (co-testing) because HPV is so common in women these ages that it’s not helpful to test for it. But HPV testing may be used in this age group after an abnormal Pap test result.
The most common abnormal Pap test result seen is called ASC-US (your health care provider may say this as “ask us”). ASC-US cells usually are not pre-cancer, but they aren’t quite normal either. If there are ASC-US cells in your Pap test result, an HPV test may be done to see if HPV is causing the cell changes. If HPV is found, you’ll need more tests.
In cases like this, the HPV test is used to help decide if more testing is needed. This is not the same as using the HPV test with the Pap test as part of your normal health visit.
Women who are HIV positive or who have been diagnosed or treated for a cervical cancer or pre-cancer should talk to their health care providers about how often they should be tested for cervical cancer and what tests should be used.
If you are a woman aged 30 to 65
The American Cancer Society recommends that women aged 30 to 65 have an HPV test with their Pap test (co-testing) every 5 years to test for cervical cancer. Talk to your health care provider about co- testing. It’s also OK to continue just to have Pap tests every 3 years.
Women who are HIV positive or who have been diagnosed or treated for a cervical cancer or pre-cancer should talk to their health care providers about how often they should be tested for cervical cancer and what tests should be used.
Why should women over age 30 with normal test results change to co-testing every 5 years and start doing HPV testing? Is that safe?
Cell changes in the cervix happen very slowly. It usually takes more than 10 years for cell changes to become cancer. Pap tests have been done yearly in the past, but now we know that Pap tests are not needed every year – every 3 years is enough. In fact, doing Pap tests every year can lead to unneeded treatment of cell changes that would never go on to cause cancer.
One of the benefits of adding testing for HPV is that women can get cervical cancer testing even less often. Getting the Pap test and HPV test (co-testing) every 5 years means fewer tests, follow-up visits, and treatments may be needed. Women with normal Pap and HPV test results have almost no chance of getting cervical cancer within at least 5 years.
Co-testing is preferred, but it’s also OK to continue to have the Pap test alone every 3 years.
What about testing other sites on the body, or testing men?
There’s no FDA-approved HPV test for men at this time, nor is there an FDA-approved HPV test to find the virus anywhere besides the cervix, including the mouth or throat.
The FDA has only approved tests to find HPV in a woman’s cervix, where positive results can be managed with extra testing and prompt treatment if the infection causes abnormal cell growth. Although HPV tests might be used in research studies to look for HPV in other sites, there’s no proven way to manage positive findings. Also, the accuracy of the test itself may be affected by the site it’s taken from and the way the sample is taken.
Finally, there’s no useful test to find out a person’s “HPV status,” because an HPV test result can change over a period of months or years as the body fights the virus. (See “If I have a positive HPV test, what does it mean?”)

If I have a positive HPV test, what does it mean?

If you have cervical human papilloma virus (HPV) infection and an abnormal Pap test result, your health care provider will explain what other tests you might need.
If you have cervical HPV infection and a normal Pap test result, it means that you have genital HPV, but no cell changes were seen on your Pap test. There are 2 options:
  • You’ll most likely be tested with an HPV test and a Pap test again in 12 months.

    In most cases, re-testing in 12 months shows no sign of the virus.

    If the virus does go away and your Pap test is normal you can go back to normal screening.

    If the virus is still there or changes are seen on the Pap test, you’ll need more testing.
  • As another option, the provider may suggest testing specifically for HPV-16 or both -16 and -18 (the 2 types that are most likely to cause cervical cancer).

    If testing shows that you have HPV-16 and/or -18, more testing will be needed.

    If the test doesn’t show infection with HPV-16 and/or -18, you should be retested in 12 months with both an HPV test and a Pap test.

If HPV goes away, can you get it again?

There are many types of HPV. You may have one type that goes away, but you can get another different type. It’s possible to get the same type again, but the risk of this is low.

Will HPV affect my pregnancy or my baby?

HPV infection does not directly affect the chances of getting pregnant.
If HPV infection leads to cervical changes that need to be treated, the treatment should not affect your chances of getting pregnant. But if you have many treatments and biopsies, which can happen with more frequent screening, the risk of pre-term labor and low birth weight babies can go up.
HPV is rarely passed from a mother to her baby. The rare cases where this has happened do not involve the types of HPV that can cause cancer. “How do you get genital HPV?” has more on how HPV is transmitted from mother to baby during pregnancy.

All information are all credit to the original writer's references and sources.

Last Medical Review: 04/12/2016
Last Revised: 04/12/2016


Go to the doctor immediately to minimize the risk of complications. Do not dare to have self medication.

Wednesday, October 19, 2016

Philippine Emergency Hotlines

Sexual Health: Human Papillomavirus (HPV): Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection with most sexually active men and women being exposed to the virus at some point during their lifetime.1,2
The virus is common in the United States, there are approximately 14 million newly diagnosed cases of HPV annually.2 HPV is comprised of approximately 100-150 viral strands, with more than 40 affecting the genitals.1,3
Contents of this article:
  1. What is human papillomavirus?
  2. Symptoms and diagnosis
  3. Treatments and prevention
You will also see introductions at the end of some sections to any recent developments that have been covered by MNT's news stories. Also look out for links to information about related conditions.
Fast facts on human papillomavirus
Here are some key points about human papillomavirus. More detail and supporting information is in the main article.
  • Around 80% of sexually active men and women will contract the HPV virus at some point during their lifetime.2
  • Annually, there are 14 million newly diagnosed cases of HPV.2
  • There are approximately 79 million men/women actively infected with the virus at any point in time.2
  • HPV is not spread via bodily fluid; it is a skin-to-skin contact virus and can infect anyone who is or has ever been sexually active and many times, most infected individuals are asymptomatic, meaning they display no symptoms of the virus.1,2
  • HPV can be spread through oral, vaginal or anal sex.1,2
  • At times, HPV can be transmitted during birth to an infant causing genital or respiratory system infections.3
  • There is no cure for HPV.2
  • The strains of HPV known to cause genital warts are low-risk HPV 6 and 11, while the strains of HPV associated with cancer include high-risk HPV 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58.2

What is human papillomavirus?

While most HPV infections are benign causing warts on areas of the body including the hands, feet and genitals, there are certain strains that put a person at a higher risk of developing certain types of cancers.1-3
HPV word collage
HPV is a common and highly contagious infection that can affect your skin, cervix, anus, mouth and throat.
The strains of HPV, which cause a person to develop warts, is not the same group of HPV strains that cause cancer.1
The strains of HPV known to cause genital warts are low-risk HPV 6 and 11, while the strains of HPV associated with cancer include high-risk HPV 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52 and 58.2
HPV is a virus which is passed skin-to-skin through sexual intercourse or other forms of skin-to-skin contact of the genitals.
HPV can infect anyone who is or has ever been sexually active, and sometimes the most infected individuals are asymptomatic, meaning they display no symptoms of the virus.1-3
Most HPV infections self-resolve on their own, however, at times they can remain dormant and later infect a new or existing sexual partner.2

At times, HPV can be transmitted during birth to an infant causing the infant to experience a genital or respiratory system infection.3

Diagnosis of human papillomavirus

If warts or lesions are visible, a health care provider can generally make a diagnosis of HPV during a visual inspection. However, additional tests may need to be completed to evaluate further for the presence of HPV.3
3d image of human papillomavirus
Tests that often need to be completed to evaluate for HPV may include a Pap smear, a DNA test and the use of acetic acid.
Tests to evaluate for HPV or HPV-related cervical cellular changes include a Pap smear, a DNA test and the use of acetic acid (vinegar).
A Pap smear is a test that collects cells from the surface of the cervix or the vagina and will reveal any cellular abnormalities that may lead to cancer.2,3
The use of a DNA test will evaluate for the high-risk types of HPV and is recommended for women 30 and older in conjunction with a Pap smear.2,3
Currently, there is also a DNA test for HPV, which can be used alone without the need for concurrent Pap testing starting at age 25.2
The use of an acetic acid solution test will identify lesions that are not easily seen as any abnormal areas affected by HPV will turn white.3 At times, a biopsy of any abnormal areas may be necessary.2
At this time, there is no test available for men to directly test for HPV and diagnosis is made primarily on visual inspection. In certain situations, if men or women have a history of receptive anal sex, it may be advisable to speak with a health care provider regarding the possibility of undergoing an anal Pap smear.2

Treatments for human papillomavirus

At times, warts will often self-resolve without treatment. However, there are topically applied medications to remove the wart itself and include over-the-counter salicylic acid for common warts, and prescription medications including:2,3
HPV vaccine
HPV vaccines are given as a series of three shots over 6 months to protect against HPV infection and the health problems that HPV infection can cause.
  • Podophyllin (chemical applied by a health care provider)
  • Imiquimod (Aldara, Zyclara)
  • Podofilox (Condylox)
  • Trichloroacetic acid (chemical applied by a health care provider).
In certain situations, surgical interventions may be necessary and include:2,3
  • Cryotherapy: a method that uses liquid nitrogen to freeze the abnormal areas
  • Electrocautery: a method that uses an electrical current to burn the abnormal areas
  • Laser therapy: method using a light beam to remove abnormal areas
  • Interferon injection: rarely used due to a high side effect profile and cost
  • Surgical removal.
It is important to speak with your health care provider about which treatment is best for you depending on the type and location of the wart being treated. It is also important to note that although warts and cellular changes may be removed or resolve, the virus can remain in the body and can be passed to others, as there is no treatment to remove the virus from the body.2,3

Prevention of HPV

Although HPV is a very commonly contracted virus, there are certain things that can be done to try to prevent contracting the virus and include abstinence, monogamous sexual relationships, not having sex with visible genital warts and the use of HPV vaccines.2,3
Currently, there are three HPV vaccines on the market and include Gardasil, Cervarix and Gardasil 9.2Speak with your health care provider to see if vaccination is appropriate for you.
Prevention of common warts is difficult. However, not picking a wart or biting the nails when a wart is present is recommended. For plantar warts, it is recommended that shoes/sandals be worn in public areas such as pools and locker rooms.3
Recent developments on human papillomavirus treatment from MNT news
The US is accompanied by few other places where routine vaccination of boys against human papillomavirus is recommended in addition to the more widespread practice of a program for all girls only. The authors of a study in The BMJ say such a policy can bring worthwhile benefit for some male populations.
Researchers have demonstrated that human papillomavirus vaccination is not associated with an increase in sexually transmitted infections, offering reassurance that the vaccine does not promote risky sexual disinhibition.
All information are credited to the original writer's references and sources.

My Note: As much as I can I see my obstetrician gynecologist (OBGYNE) for pap smear procedure annually. If I remember it right 4 or 5 years ago after the result was released with no problem or issue with my health that was the only time I was given the HPV vaccination.

Go to the doctor immediately to minimize the risk of complications. Do not dare to have self medication.

Medical Disclaimer.

Friday, October 14, 2016

Symptoms of Diabetes

Diabetes Symptoms

The main symptoms of diabetes are significantly increased thirst, needing to urinate more often than usual and increased hunger.

What are the symptoms of diabetes?

The common symptoms of undiagnosed diabetes are:
If you notice that you have some or all of these symptoms, contact your GP immediately.

How fast do the symptoms of diabetes develop?

Knowing and recognising the symptoms of diabetes is essential. Catching diabetes at an early stage can delay or prevent the development of serious complications.

Type 1 diabetes

In type 1 diabetes, the signs and symptoms can develop very quickly, and can develop significantly over the course of weeks or even days - particularly in children or adolescents.
In addition to the symptoms above, symptoms of type 1 diabetes can also include dry mouth.
In children and younger adults, signs such as increased urination, increased thirst, tiredness and sudden weight loss tend to be the most noticeable symptoms.
Having history of type 1 diabetes in your family increases the chances of developing type 1 diabetes.

Type 2 diabetes

Type 2 diabetes tends to develop more slowly, usually over a period of months or even years. It can also lead on from pre-diabetes.
The symptoms can appear very gradually, which can make spotting the signs more difficult.
In addition to the symptoms above, symptoms of type 2 diabetes can include dry mouth and leg pain.
It is not uncommon for people to live with type 2 diabetes for years without being aware of their condition.
These cases of undiagnosed diabetes may sometimes only be picked up during a routine medical check-up.
Common symptoms of diabetes include:
  • Being very thirsty
  • Having a dry mouth
  • Needing to urinate often - particularly at night
  • Feeling tired and lethargic
  • Having increased hunger
  • Blurred vision
  • Slow healing of wounds
  • Itching of the groin
  • Nausea
In addition to the symptoms above, type 1 diabetes commonly causes rapid weight loss. Vomiting, with the symptoms above, could indicate ketoacidosis which is particularly dangerous.
In addition to the general symptoms above, people with type 2 diabetes may display darkened areas of skin, particularly around the neck and armpits. High blood pressure and cholesterol levels are commonly associated with type 2 diabetes and may indicate increased susceptibility.
In type 1 diabetes the symptoms come on quickly. The NHS states that symptoms can develop within weeks or days. In type 2 diabetes the symptoms develop more gradually, sometimes over a period of years.
Diabetes, if undiagnosed or not treated, can cause significant damage to the body. Type 1 diabetes becomes serious quickly and can lead to coma and death if undiagnosed. Type 2 diabetes develops slowly and may start to damage the body before the symptoms are spotted.
In each case, it is best to catch the symptoms as early as possible so diabetes can be treated.
video credit to diabetes,co,uk

Where can I get tested for diabetes?

If you have any of the symptoms listed above and think you may have diabetes, you should contact your doctor as soon as possible.

Your GP will be able to carry out checks to determine whether or not you have diabetes.

Go to the doctor immediately to minimize the risk of complications

Spotting the signs of diabetes early on is vital and can help prevent the development of serious complications.
The earlier diabetes is diagnosed, the earlier it can be treated and controlled which, in turn, will reduce the risk of complications.
In people with type 1 diabetes, a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis at diagnosis is common. If untreated, this can result in extremely serious complications and even death, but it can be the first indicator of the presence of type 1 diabetes.
This occurs when acid compounds, ketones, form in the blood. A doctor testing you for type 1 diabetes may also wish totest for ketones to prevent ketoacidosis occurring.
If type 2 diabetes is left undiagnosed for a number of years, it could lead to the development of the following prior to diagnosis:
Hyperosmolar hyperglycaemic state is a condition that may occur if type 2 diabetes develops without medical treatment.

All information,video and photos are credit to the original writer's sources. Click the link for more info and forum support.